April 1, 2023

Medieval Indian History

Syllabus for Optional Mains

TopicsSub Topics
Ghuri, Rajputs, FeudalismMajor political developments in Northern India and the Peninsula – The Ghurian invasions – factors behind Ghurian success  – Economic, social and cultural consequences; Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans 
Alberuni’s India  – Brahman and the new social order;  Condition of women; “Indian Feudalism”  – Agrarian economy and urban settlements; 
Origin and the rise of Rajputs, Trade and commerce; Indian science and technology
Sufism and Bhakti, LiteratureSkankaracharya and Vedanta, Ramanuja and Vishishtadvaita, Madhva and Brahma Mimansa 
Growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Tamil Bhakti movement. Bhakti Saints, Impact / Role of Bhakti/ Literature in the newly developing languages / Bhakti.

Sufi Movement; Arrival of Islam
Delhi Sultanate (13/14)(Delhi Sultanate) Consolidation:
The rule of Iltutmish and Balban; Mongol Menace; 
The Khalji Revolution – Alauddin Khalji: Conquests and territorial expansion, agrarian and economic measures 
Muhammad Tughluq: Major projects, agrarian measures, bureaucracy; 
Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and public works, Theocracy; 

Theory of Kingship; 

Decline of the Sultanate; Foreign contacts and Ibn Battuta’s account; Economy: Agricultural production, Land Revenue, Judicial Administration
Women, religious classes, caste and slavery under the Sultanate; Persian literature, literature in the regional languages of North India, Literature in the languages of South India; Sultanate architecture and new structural forms, Painting, evolution of a composite culture
Composition of rural society, ruling classes, town dwellers, Rise of urban economy and non-agricultural production, Maritime trade, Industries and Labour, trade and commerce (13/14)
Vijaynagara, Bengal, Kashmir, Gujarat, Malwa, BahamanisThe Vijayanagara Empire – Polity; Krishnadevaraya; Agriculture; Segmentary State
European Accounts;

Art and Culture ;

Rise of Provincial Dynasties:  Bengal, Bahmanids, Gujarat, Malwa; Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Kalhan’s Rajtarangini 
Sur and Portuguese (15/16)Lodis – The Sur Empire: Sher Shah’s administration; Agrarian Reforms;

Portuguese Colonial enterprise
Babur to AkbarMughal Empire, First phase: Babur and Humayun;

Akbar – Evolution of religious and social outlook – Theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy;  Administration; Rajput policy; Land Revenue; Industry and Commerce; Conquests and consolidation of the Empire; Historiography – Persian histories 
Jahangir to AurangzebMajor administrative policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb
Nature of the Mughal State – Religious Policy; Education and Literature (Hindi and other religious literature and other literature)
Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts – The Empire and the Zamindars; 

Agriculture and Craft Production 
Ahom, Sikh, Maratha, Nawab, NizamThe Ahom Kingdom; Evolution of the Sikh community and the Khalsa Panth;

Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom; Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas
The 18th Century – State of politics, culture and economy on the eve of the British conquest 
The regional principalities: Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh; Emergence of Afghan Power; Battle of Panipat: 1761

Medieval History – Past Year Questions